Can You Eat Sprouted Potatoes?
If you are wondering can you eat sprouted potatoes, there are a few things you should know. First, you need to be aware of the nitrate levels in sprouted potatoes, and if you have been exposed to nitrates in the past, you may want to avoid them. Second, you should be aware of the storage of sprouted potatoes. Some sprouted potatoes have been found to be quite toxic when exposed to the air, so if you are planning on keeping the potatoes in a cool place, make sure you store them correctly. You should also be aware of the presence of solanine and glycoalkaloid in the potatoes. The best way to prevent solanine and glycoalkaloid poisoning is to store your potatoes in a refrigerator.
Potato poisoning is caused by the consumption of potatoes containing solanine, a naturally occurring toxic compound that can cause gastrointestinal disorders and neurological effects. A rash, abdominal pain, fever and vomiting are some of the most common symptoms of solanine poisoning. Other signs include diarrhoea, heart arrhythmia, weakness, drowsiness and paralysis. If you suspect you have been exposed to solanine, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Solanine is an alkaloid produced by some plants of the Solanum genus. These plants include potato, tomatoes, eggplant and some berries. They are known to have poisonous effects on humans since the ancient times.
The most common cause of solanine poisoning is eating green sprouted potatoes. These potatoes can have high levels of solanine and glycoalkaloids. This toxin can interfere with the body’s ability to control the acetylcholine, which is essential for proper brain function. Symptoms usually start within a few hours of eating potatoes containing solanine. Some patients experience hallucinations and vomiting, while others exhibit cardiovascular and neurological disorders.
It is important to remove the skin from any potatoes before consuming them. Several studies have shown that the peel of the potatoes contains solanine and glycoalkaloids. Therefore, removing the skin before cooking or eating is the safest method.
Although potatoes are the most common source of solanine poisoning, it is not the only culprit. Bean sprouts and other plants of the nightshade family can also cause solanine poisoning. In addition to solanine, the potatoes can also contain a substance called chaconine, which is associated with cardiotoxic effects.
Symptoms of solanine poisoning can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, loss of sensation, loss of balance, drowsiness, heart arrhythmia, and hypothermia. However, in most cases, these symptoms will resolve within a few days. Those with more serious conditions may need hospitalization.
The most important thing to remember is that you should not eat potatoes with green sprouts. The potato tuber can sprout when exposed to sunlight, and the solanine and glycoalkaloids present can cause poisoning.
Symptoms of solanine and chaconine poisoning can begin as soon as seven to nine hours after ingestion, and symptoms may last as long as three days. Typically, the symptoms will appear within six to eight hours of ingestion and may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, drowsiness, vomiting, and weakness.
If you suspect you have eaten solanine-containing potatoes, you should seek immediate medical treatment. Your doctor may prescribe a medication to relieve the symptoms. You should also make sure that you avoid foods from the nightshade family, including tomato, eggplant and other berries, to prevent further toxicity.
In September 2015, the Centre for Food Safety in Hong Kong investigated a case of solanine poisoning. Two people exhibited typical signs of gastrointestinal poisoning, but remained stable.
Glycoalkaloid levels in sprouted potatoes are relatively high. According to the Centre for Food Safety (CFS), they range from 26 to 88 mg/kg fresh weight. However, it is important to note that the recommended safe maximum is a more modest 200 mg/kg.
Several factors can contribute to the presence of glycoalkaloids in sprouted potatoes. For example, some potato diseases can increase the concentration of glycoalkaloids in the tuber. Furthermore, transportation and storage can also have a significant impact on the presence of these toxins.
The concentration of glycoalkaloids in the sprouted potato is a major concern because these toxins can be harmful to humans when consumed in large amounts. They can lead to gastrointestinal problems, such as diarrhea, fever and vomiting. Additionally, they can cause systemic effects, such as reduced blood pressure, and pulse disturbances. These symptoms usually subside within 24 hours.
One way to reduce the potential for toxicity is to store your sprouted potatoes in cool storage. This means keeping them in a dark place, such as a pantry. You can also peel your potatoes, which can significantly reduce the level of glycoalkaloid in the tuber. A great option is to store your tubers in a root cellar.
Another way to prevent potato toxicity is to avoid stockpiling. Although the presence of glycoalkaloids is not a guarantee of a bad result, it is a good idea to avoid purchasing and storing potatoes in the same place for an extended period. It is also a good idea to try to minimize the amount of time your tubers are exposed to sunlight. When exposed to sunlight, the glycoalkaloids in the tuber are stimulated. In addition, light exposure causes the tuber to turn green. If your tubers are green, it is a good idea to remove the specks of green before cooking.
Unlike many of the other toxins found in nature, glycoalkaloid content in potatoes is not a sneaky nutrient. They are produced naturally in the potato plant at a relatively low concentration. However, they are very toxic at a much higher concentration.
Because of their potential effects, it is not uncommon for people to become sick after consuming potatoes. The most common symptoms are stomach upset, vomiting, and diarrhea. Symptoms can last for several hours and can lead to abdominal pain and unconsciousness. Fortunately, gastrointestinal distress can be prevented by avoiding contaminated potatoes.
However, it is not always easy to tell whether a potato is a good choice or a bad one. Luckily, potato specialists have already bred some varieties that have been shown to have low levels of glycoalkaloid. Moreover, the National Capital Poison Center recommends that if you suspect that your sprouted potato is contaminated, you should discard the food and not eat it.
Storage of sprouted potatoes
When it comes to storing sprouted potatoes, there are several considerations to take into account. Choosing the best place to store your tubers can make all the difference when it comes to keeping your spuds fresh. You can keep them in a cool dark room or you can put them in your refrigerator, but the latter is not recommended.
When it comes to storing your sprouted potatoes, you should take the time to check their temperature and humidity. Sprouting is most likely to happen in a cool, dark and moist environment. Having a thermometer close by will be invaluable when it comes to monitoring your potatoes’ status.
For optimal storage, you should try to keep your tubers in temperatures that are below 70 degrees Fahrenheit. This is because ethylene gas produced by potatoes can cause them to spoil.
It’s a good idea to keep your potatoes in a well-ventilated box or bin. Using a paper bag or a plastic bag may help to filter out the light, but it’s a poor idea to seal them tightly. Your potatoes will still need fresh air regularly.
Keeping your potatoes away from bananas, onions and other fruit will also increase your chances of success. The ideal temperature range for storing potatoes is between 45 and 50 degrees. If you live in a colder climate, you can increase your odds of a successful storage experience by keeping them in a well-insulated garage.
Besides keeping your potatoes in a cool, dark and moist place, there are several other things you should consider. Proper storage will keep your potatoes fresh and prevent them from sprouting. To be on the safe side, you should always inspect your potatoes every few weeks.
While it’s not always possible to keep your potatoes in the optimal conditions, it is possible to delay the sprouting process. Several factors can influence the timing of this, including storing them in the dark, and keeping them out of your refrigerator.
Putting your potatoes in a humidifier can also boost the moisture levels in your storage room. But don’t overdo it. Too much moisture can lead to mold and fungus, which can ruin the tubers.
You may also want to consider using a stackable basket to protect your potatoes from insects. This can be done by lining it with newspaper and then securing it with a few layers of straw. Don’t forget to remove your potatoes before cooking them. A little effort will pay off in the end.
Lastly, don’t wash your potatoes until you’re ready to eat them. Not only will this destroy any beneficial microbes, it will also increase your risk of rotting.